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Damdin Sühbaatar 1893 – 1923 on the banknote of 500 Mongolian Tugrik

Mongolian Tugrik

Like Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in Turkey, Damdin Sühbaatar is regarded as the father of modern Mongolia. He is born to a poor family, almost without any education, after the proclamation of the independence of Mongolia in 1911, he enrolls in the army and this is how his military career starts. During the Chinese occupation in 1920, he succeeds to move through the blockade and reach the Soviet Union with a letter in which Mongolia is asking for help. The whip handle where the letter has been hidden, today can be seen in the museum in Ulaanbaatar. He returns back in Mongolia as a chief of the army that conquers the capital on 18th of February and since then this date is regarded as the national holiday of Mongolia. In the newly formed government, he holds the position Minister of war until 1923 when he dies.